Metropolitan Rotating Shift Pattern | 24/7 Shift Coverage

This is a fast rotating shift pattern that uses 4 teams and three 8-hr shifts to provide 24/7 coverage. Each team rotates through a sequence of 2 day shifts, 2 swing shifts, 2 night shifts, and 2 days off over an 8-day cycle.

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Metropolitan Shift Pattern


Plan IDC4TR08-2
NameMetropolitan Plan, also referred to as the 2-2-2 Rota
Applicability24/7 operations
Teams Required4
ShiftsDay (8-hr), Swing (8-hr), Night (8-hr)
Repeat Cycle8 days
RotationFast, forward rotation from day shift to swing shift to night shift
Average Hours per Week42
Staffing FluctuationBalanced from shift to shift and day to day
  • 2 consecutive days off every 8 days
  • Maximum 2 consecutive night shifts
  • 8-hr shifts
  • A free weekend (Saturday and Sunday) comes only once in every 8 weeks
  • Requires an average of 2 overtime hours per employee per week
Common UsagePopular with 24/7 operations that prefer 8-hr shifts
NotesThis is an alternative to the Continental plan for 24/7 operations using 8-hr shifts. It reduces the maximum number of consecutive work nights from 3 to 2, and consecutive work days from 7 to 6. The Continental plan, however, provides 3 consecutive days off and ensures 1 free weekend every 4 weeks.